Ghana

Christina, 23 years old, grows maize and she was shown how to make compost. Crédit : Nana Kofi Acquah/Oxfam

Christina is 23 and lives in Tambalug (Garu), she has two children. Christina grows maize and she was shown how to make compost. “With the money, I want to look after my children: their health, their upkeep, that’s what I’ll be spending the money on”, she says.
Photo credit : Nana Kofi Acquah/Oxfam

Context

In 2018, Ghana was among the 10 fastest-growing economies in the world[1] and is currently the second largest economy in West Africa. The country has made tremendous progress in reducing poverty in recent decades. But its success has been uneven and significant inequalities still exist, especially between the south and the north where majority of the population lives on less than $1 a day. Around 24.2% of the national population lives below the poverty line. Ghana ranks 140 out of 189 countries on the Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

Inequalities between women and men also continue to be very high. One of the richest men in Ghana earns more in a month than one of the poorest women could earn in 1,000 years. In the decade ending in 2016 the country saw 1,000 new US dollar millionaires created, but only 60 of these were women. A girl from a poor family is 14 times more likely never to have been to school than one from a rich family.[2]

The real tragedy of Ghana, and indeed of many other countries in the region, is the fact that although it possesses the resources needed to end extreme poverty and even up the disparities that are tearing the society apart, it is failing to do so.

[1] B.S. Coulibaly (2019): Reconciling financing needs and debt levels, In Foresight
Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2019. Brookings: Washington, DC, pp 28
[2] Ghana Statistical Service, Ghana Health Service and ICF International (2015). Ghana
Demographic and Health Survey 2014. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/FR307/FR307.pdf

Oxfam in Ghana

Oxfam is working in Ghana since 1985. We aim to reduce poverty and inequality, especially between women and men by supporting influencing and advocacy in three areas of intervention; Agriculture, Essential Services and Extractive Industry Governance.

Fostering Economic Justice and Food Security through Agriculture

The agricultural sector employs over 41% of the active population. Through our Economic Justice programme, we support farmers’ livelihood by helping them to adapt to climate change, improving their access to equipment and by advocating for targeted investment in the agricultural sector.

Addressing inequality in health and education

address issues of inequality within the health and education sector and we aim at creating a fair, responsible, efficient, modern and transparent taxation system through private sector actions and public policies. Our campaigns contribute to the development of pro-poor health and education policies with financing mechanisms that support universal access to quality healthcare and basic education in Ghana.

While we believe governments are ultimately responsible for providing essential services, Oxfam has contributed to reducing maternal mortality in rural communities as well as supporting children, particularly girls, from deprived communities to acquire literacy, numeracy and life skills.

Advocating for a fair and optimal taxation system for development

We work with other civil society organizations to promote accountability from duty bearers and demand that the government uses Ghana’s significant mineral wealth to support development in poor and vulnerable communities.

Contact Oxfam in Ghana

Naana Nkansah Agyekum
Media and Communication Officer
nagyekum@oxfam.org.uk
No. 435/12/115, Off Gifty Homes
Adjirigano, PMB 56, Airport
Accra, Ghana
Tel: +233-302 901 373
Facebook: @OxfaminGhana
Twitter: @oxfaminghana